How to Become IPS Officer?
How to Become IPS Officer?
Becoming an IPS officer requires dedication, hard work, and a genuine desire to serve and protect society. It is a challenging yet rewarding career path that offers opportunities to significantly impact people’s lives and contribute to the nation’s overall well-being. IPS officers have diverse responsibilities, including crime prevention, investigation, maintaining public order, and handling emergencies. They work closely with other law enforcement agencies, such as the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) and Intelligence Bureau (IB), to combat organized crime, terrorism, and other national security threats.
To become an IPS officer, one needs to qualify for the Civil Services Examination (CSE) conducted by the Union Public Service Commission. The CSE is a rigorous three-stage selection process that includes the Preliminary examination, Mains examination, and the Personality Test (Interview).
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An IPS officer is one who provides the command to the state and union territories’ police forces, CAPFs, National Security Guards (NSG), National Investigative Agency (NIA), Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), and other such forces. Every year lakhs of candidates dream of becoming an IPS Officer but only a few of them make it. Those who aspire to become an officer must know the duties and responsibilities of an IPS officer and other things related to this post.
- Uniform: The standard uniform color is Khaki, and IPS is written on the shoulders of the uniform. Additionally, the state police have state police names on their shoulders as well, for example, D.P (Delhi Police). The big difference between the Police caps and IPS caps is that “IPS” is written on the cap of an IPS officer.
- Work: The IPS deals with the criminal and civil administration of the country. The major role of an IPS officer is to ensure the safety of the people under their jurisdiction. They work along with the IAS officers to maintain order and law.
- Famous Officers: The country has produced so many brave IPS officers, but some have stolen the limelight with their honesty, hard work, and determination. This list includes Shivdeep Lande, Sachin Atulkar, Manu Maharaj, Gaurav Tiwari, Sonia Narang, Sangeeta Kalia, and Soumya Sambasivan.
- Duties: The duties of an IPS officer include preventing crimes, preventing accidents, protecting the transportation of cash, accident management, disaster handling, investigation of crimes, and granting permission for religious functions.
To become an IPS officer, a candidate must pass the Civil Services Examination held by the Union Public Services Examination. We all know that around 8 lakh candidates apply every year but only a handful of candidates become IPS officers.
Go through the below steps to know how to become an IPS officer:
- Apply for UPSC Exam – IPS Officer Exam
- Effective preparation – It is important to ensure that you are fully prepared for the IPS exam.
- Give the UPSC Prelims exam
- Give the UPSC Mains exam
- Go for the Personal Interview
After the interview, the Commission announces the final merit list based on the Mains exam and interview results.
Apply to UPSC: The first and foremost step to becoming an IPS officer is to apply for the Civil Services Examination by completing the UPSC application form released by the Union Public Services Commission every year. The candidates will be informed about the IPS Exam through various famous newspapers such as Rozgar Samachar, Employment news, and many more.
IPS Preparation: The Civil Services Examination consists of three stages such as-
- Preliminary Examination: The first part of the IPS officer exam is a preliminary exam. The total number of marks assigned for the prelims exam is 400 marks which are divided into two papers. Both papers will be objective types that are multiple-choice questions. It is the qualifying exam for the final exam. After clearing the prelims exam, you can appear for the Mains examination.
- Mains Examination: The second part of the UPSC exam is the Mains examination. This exam can only be taken if you have cleared the prelims examination. The exam paper is of a descriptive type.
- Personal Interview: Once you have cleared the Mains exam, the candidate is then eligible to appear for the interview or personality test round where the general knowledge, subject knowledge, mental ability, and critical thinking skills of the candidate are assessed.
Becoming an IPS Officer after 12th is a dream for many. Clearing the UPSC exam is not an easy nut to crack. It requires proper planning and a well-thought-out plan. Firstly to appear for the UPSC examination, and to become an IPS Officer after 12th, a candidate must possess a graduate degree in any field of choice. It is advisable to choose subjects that may be helpful in the UPSC exam preparation.
To become an IPS Officer after 12th, a candidate must have attained the age of 21 years along with being a graduate and necessarily a citizen of India. Once a candidate fulfills all these conditions of an IPS Eligibility, he/she will be eligible to appear in the exam. A candidate will have to go through three phases – Prelims, Mains, and Interview to become an IPS Officer after 12th.
One can become an IPS officer if he or she knows about the eligibility criteria of the exam. Before you begin your preparation, you must understand the eligibility details mentioned below which include age limit criteria, physical requirements, nationality, and IPS officer qualification.
– The minimum height for women is 150 cm.
– The minimum height for men is 165 cm.
– The minimum chest girth of women and men is 84 cm and 79 cm.
– Myopia should not exceed minus 4.00D.
– Hyper myopia should not exceed plus 4.00D.
– Must have a minimum age of 21 years.
– Should have a maximum age of 32 years on the 1st of August in the year of examination.
Should be a citizen of India, a subject of Nepal, a Tibetan refugee who came to India before January 1, 1962, for permanent settlement in India, or Migrants from any of the following countries for permanent settlement in India- Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, and many more.
The minimum qualification required to become an IPS officer is a graduation degree from a recognized university. All those who have appeared for the final year exams and waiting for their final result can also apply for the exam.
It is important for candidates to check the IPS officer qualification beforehand to avoid the cancellation of the application form at later stages.
For effective preparation, many candidates have doubts about what to study to become an IPS officer. Check the books mentioned below to efficiently prepare for the IPS officer exam.
History & Indian Culture
A Brief History of Modern India by Rajiv Ahir
‘Ancient India’ by RS Sharma (Old NCERT)
History of Medieval India by Satish Chandra (Old NCERT)
1.‘Facets of Indian Culture’ by Spectrum
2. Art and Culture by Nitin Singhania
1. Certificate Physical and Human Geography
2. Maps Oxford School Atlas
India: Physical Environment (NCERT)
1. Fundamentals of Human Geography (NCERT)
2. Certificate Physical And Human Geography
1. India People and Economy (NCERT)
2. Indian Economy by Ramesh Singh
Daily, Monthly & Weekly Current Affairs
Science & Tech
Science & Tech
2. Daily Newspapers
3. ISRO website
Environment & Ecology
Environment & Ecology
1. Recent Events on Climate change through Newspapers
2. NIOS Study Materials
In order to become an IPS Officer, you are required to qualify for the IPS exam conducted by the UPSC. There are no specific subjects or streams defined to become an IPS Officer. The Civil Service Examination requires knowledge in subjects such as history, geography, politics, science and technology, and many other subjects.
UPSC Prelims paper 1 syllabus includes the following subjects:
- History – Ancient, Medieval, Modern History along with Post Independence History
- Indian Polity and governance
- Indian and World Geography
- Economic and Social Development
- General Science
UPSC Prelims paper 2 syllabus includes the following subjects:
- Interpersonal Skills and Communication Skills
- Basic English Comprehension Skills
- Decision-making skills and problem-solving skills
- Basic numeracy
- General mental ability
The UPSC Mains Exam consists of 7 papers including various subjects. Check the details below.
Essay (can be written in the medium of the candidate’s choice)
General Studies – 1 (Indian Heritage & Culture, History & Geography of the World & Society)
General Studies – 2 (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice & International Relations)
General Studies – 3 (Technology, Economic Development, Biodiversity, Security & Disaster Management)
General Studies – 4 (Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude)
Optional Subject – Paper 1
Optional Subject – Paper 2
The powers associated with IPS officers are one of the lucrative factors because of which many people sit for the Civil Services examination every year.
- IPS Officer has the power to manage the police force and command them to act in the allotted region.
- They can exercise their power independently to maintain law and order in the area.
- They have the power to command various central security organizations such as CBI, National Security Guards, CRPF, etc.
After you clear the entrance exam and become an IPS officer, you have to complete the mandatory training at LBSNAA and SVPNPA.
IPS Officer Training: Once the candidate qualifies all three stages of the Civil Services Examination, including prelims, mains, and interviews, the top rankers are then acknowledged as IPS probationers and are forwarded to Sardar Vallabhai Patel Police Academy for a year. At this time, probationers undergo strict physical training and are taught all aspects of policing and administration. Following successful training, the IPS officers are then placed as per the requirements of the state and the central government in policy and investigative organizations.
Roles and Responsibilities of an IPS Officer
The IPS Officer comes under the Ministry of Home Affairs. Now, we will see the roles and responsibilities of an IPS officer:
- Performs Border functions and responsibilities such as Counter-terrorism, Border policing.
- Protecting civil peace and order like Crime restrictions.
- Maintains Anti-smuggling and narcotics trafficking and VIP safety.
- It also controls disasters such as Biodiversity and security/implementation of environmental laws.
- You must serve as HoDs in policymaking in the Ministries and Departments of Central and State Governments, Public sector undertakings (PSUs) both at the center and in states.
- You are supposed to interact and coordinate closely with Other All India Services, the Indian Army, and the Armed Forces in general.
Being an IPS officer is not an easy job, the following are the must-have skills to become an Indian Police Service officer.
- Communication Skills – The ability to communicate is a must for the IPS officer, especially while dealing with people.
- Decision Making – An IPS must have the ability to make the right decision in tough situations.
- Physical Endurance – It is important for them to maintain a basic level of physical fitness.
- Problem-Solving Skills – The ability to approach problems and find solutions is required for an IPS officer.
- Trust Building – To build trust in the community, they need to be in constant communication with the citizens.
FAQs on IPS Officer
There are two modes of becoming an IPS officer. The first and foremost is through direct recruitment that is conducted under UPSC as the civil services exam. Another way is through promotional interviews and exams held within the unit.
Any candidate who has a bachelor’s degree can apply for the IPS officer exam. The age limit must be 21-32 years for the general category. Candidates must check the detailed eligibility criteria provided above before filling out the application form to become an IPS officer.
The attempts for the IPS Exam for the following categories are:
- There are 6 attempts for the General candidates up to 32 years of age.
- No limits for the Scheduled Caste and Scheduled tribes up to 37 years of age.
- There are 9 attempts for the Other Backward Classes up to 35 years of age.
- There are 9 attempts for the PH Category (general and OBC) and no limits for the SC/ST.
Candidates who prepare in a strategic manner can become IPS officers in one year of the exam cycle. It varies from person to person.
In order to become an IPS officer after 12th, you need to pursue a Bachelor’s degree from a renowned university or should have an equivalent qualification. After doing this, you are required to register for the CSE exam organized by UPSC. After that, you need to go for the preliminary, main, interview round to be selected for training.
Growing into an IPS officer is not an easy task. It requires a lot of effort and a huge amount of dedication. Only the best aspirants are selected for this post. In order to choose these deserving candidates, UPSC conducts the exam for those who wish to become an IPS officer.
There are multiple roles and responsibilities fulfilled by IPS officers in India which include monitoring crime investigations, VIP safety, border safety, terrorism control operations, handling disasters, etc.
The total duration of the IPS officer training is 2 years. It includes 3 months of foundation course at LBSNAA, a basic course of 11 months at Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy (SVPNPA), district training for 6 months, and the last 1 month of phase 2 training at SVPNPA, Hyderabad.
What is a day in the life of an IPS Officer like?
A day in the life of an IPS officer is filled with pride and unpredictable circumstances. Every day, they get a chance to serve the nation through their selfless services. Sometimes, it is also seen that the work becomes hectic but then it depends on person to person on how they are dealing with it.
Do IPS Officers live a luxurious life?
After the 7th pay commission, the IPS officer salary is quite good which allows them to live a life with all necessities. They get a government-owned house to live at the place where they are posted. Along with that, there are several allowances as well which make the officers live an above-average life with their families.
I want to become an IPS Officer. How can I start doing this?
If you are determined to become an IPS officer and prepare hard for it, then nobody can stop you from accomplishing your dreams. One should not wait for the application form and start their preparations well in advance. Go through the complete syllabus of the UPSC prelims exam and start preparing for each topic one by one. Have a look at UPSC previous year papers to understand the difficulty level and the type of questions asked in the exam.