Biography of Udham Singh

Udham Singh was born on December 26, 1899, in Sunam, Punjab, British India (now in Pakistan). His birth name was Sher Singh, and he later adopted the name Udham Singh after the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in 1919.

Biography of Udham Singh
Udham Singh

Udham Singh was a prominent Indian revolutionary and freedom fighter, best known for assassinating Michael O'Dwyer, the former Lieutenant Governor of the Punjab in British India. Here is a brief biography of Udham Singh:

  1. Early Life: Udham Singh was born on December 26, 1899, in Sunam, Punjab, British India (now in Pakistan). His birth name was Sher Singh, and he later adopted the name Udham Singh after the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in 1919.

  2. Jallianwala Bagh Massacre: The Jallianwala Bagh massacre, which occurred on April 13, 1919, deeply affected Udham Singh. General Reginald Dyer ordered the British Indian Army to open fire on a peaceful gathering in Amritsar, leading to hundreds of innocent deaths. This event fueled Singh's hatred for the British rule and his determination to seek revenge.

  3. Travel and Political Activism: After the massacre, Udham Singh traveled extensively, including visits to Africa and the United States. During his travels, he became involved in political activities and joined various organizations advocating for Indian independence.

  4. Assassination of Michael O'Dwyer: Udham Singh's moment of revenge came on March 13, 1940, when he assassinated Michael O'Dwyer during a public meeting at Caxton Hall in London. O'Dwyer was the Lieutenant Governor of the Punjab during the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. Singh was arrested immediately after the assassination.

  5. Trial and Execution: Udham Singh was put on trial for the murder of Michael O'Dwyer. During the trial, he declared that he wanted to make the world aware of the atrocities committed by the British in India. Singh was found guilty and was executed on July 31, 1940, at London's Pentonville Prison.

  6. Legacy: Udham Singh's actions were seen by many as a symbol of resistance against British colonialism and the quest for justice. He remains a heroic figure in Indian history, and his story is often remembered as a powerful example of sacrifice for the cause of independence.

In India, Udham Singh is remembered and celebrated as a national hero, and his life and sacrifice continue to inspire those who strive for justice and freedom.