New education policy 2020...| theganimikava
The government on 28 July announced the new education policy (NEP). Most of us knew that this has been in the pipeline. The new education policy will abolished the current education policy.it is to be implemented in September.
Implementation the new education policy properly will bring an end to business in Indian education for the last two centuries.
The national education policy approved by the government is a historic step and it will change not only India's education system but also India's future.
New education policy 2020: school education, board exam, major changes in graduation degree, learn special things are discuss in below article...
1. 10 + 2 finish in schools, now 5+3+3+4 formants will start :
Guys, Now the first five years of school will include three years of pre-primary school and foundation stage including class one and class two.
- A new curriculum will be prepared for these five years of studies.
- The next three-year stage will be from class 3 to 5.
- After this, the middle stage of 3 years will come i.e. the stage from class 6 to 8.
- Now the child will be given professional and skill education from the sixth. Internship will also be conducted at local level.
- The fourth stage (classes 9 to 12) will be 4 years old. In this, students will have the freedom to choose the subject.
- Fashion designing along with science or mathematics will also be freedom to study.
- Earlier, classes 1 to 10 were general education. From class 11, subjects could be selected.
- As of now government schools start from the first grade. But after the new education policy is implemented, the first child will have to go through the foundation stage of five years.
- The last two years of the foundation stage will be of the first grade and second grade. After five years of foundation stage, the child will move to the third grade.
- That means 5 more levels will be made for children before the third grade in government schools.
- In the new school education system of 5 3 3 4, the first five years for 3 to 8 years old children, then the subsequent three years for 8 to 11 years old children, then the subsequent three years 11 to 14 years old children.
- The last 4 years are set for children between 14 and 18 years.
2. Employment education will be provided from sixth grade :
- Dr. Kasturirangan, who is heading the committee formed to finalize the new education policy, said that now the child will be given professional and skill education from class VI.
- Internship will also be conducted at local level. Emphasis will be laid on vocational education and skill development.
- The new education policy will not create unemployment. In school itself, the child will be given the necessary professional education.
3. 10th and 12th board exams will be easy :
- Major changes will be made in the board exams of class X .
- The importance of board examinations will be minimized.
- There are several important suggestions. Such as conducting examinations twice a year, dividing them into two parts objective and explanatory categories etc.
- The main focus in the board examination will be on the knowledge test so that the tendency of rote in students is over.
- Students are always under pressure regarding board exams and depend on coaching to get more marks. But in future they can get freedom from it.
- The education policy states that various boards will prepare a practical model of board examinations in the coming times.
- Such as annual, semester and modular board examinations.Under the new policy, examinations will also be held in classes three, five and eighth.
- While the 10th and 12th board examinations will continue in changed format.
4. Study in mother tongue till 5th grade :
- In the new education policy, education will be provided in the mother tongue only till the fifth and up to the eighth as far as possible.
5. Assessment of children's performance in schools will be like this :
- Children's report card will change. They will be assessed at three levels.
- One will be a student himself, another is a classmate and third is his teacher.
- A National Assessment Center-Parakh will be created which will periodically test the learning ability of children.
- About two crore children who have dropped out of education through 100% enrollment will be admitted again.
6. 3-4 year degree in graduation, multiple entry and exit system :
- Higher Education Secretary Amit Khare said that in the new policy, multiple entry and exit (multi-level entry and exit) system has been implemented.
- In today's system, if after four years of engineering or six semesters, you are unable to study for any reason, then there is no solution, but in the multiple entry and exit system, certificate after one year, diploma after two years and 3-4 years.
- Degree will be available year after year. This is a big decision in the interest of the students.
- The 3-year degree is for students who do not have to pursue higher education and do not pursue research.
- At the same time, students going into research will have to do a 4-year degree.
- Students doing 4 years degree will be able to do MA in one year.
- According to the new education policy, if a student leaves engineering course within 2 years, then he will be awarded diploma.
- This will bring great relief to the engineering students. A five-year joint graduate-master's course will be introduced.
- The MPhil will be scrapped and there will be an option to quit after one year in the post graduate course. The teachers will be upgraded through the National Mentoring Plan.
7. MPhil end in new policy :
- After the implementation of the country's new education policy, students will no longer have to do MPhil. The course of MPhil has been repealed in the new education policy.
- After the implementation of the new education policy, now students will do graduation, post graduation and directly PhD after that.
- A 4-year graduation degree program can then do MA and then PhD directly without M.Phil. MPhil courses have been scrapped under the new education policy. This is considered a big change.
8. UGC, NCTE and AICTE to end; Regulatory body to be formed :
- The era of UGC AICTE is over. Higher Education Secretary Amit Khare said that UGC, AICTE and NCTE will be a regulator in higher education.
- The process of affiliation with universities will be completely abolished in 15 years by giving colleges autonomy (Graded Otonami).
9. Common exam offer to colleges :
- Under the new education policy, a common entrance exam will be offered for admission to higher educational institutions.
- It will not be mandatory for the institute. The National Examination Agency will conduct this examination.
10. Special syllabus will be prepared at pre-primary level in school :
- School Education Secretary Anita Karwal said that ten major reforms have been approved in school education and higher education.
- The new policy focuses on the use of technology. A special curriculum will be designed for pre-primary education.
- Under this, children between the age of three to six years will come.
- By 2025, basic literacy and numerology will be ensured to students up to class three. Middle classes will be completely changed.
Classes will be taught between six and eight subject
11. Professional Education :
- All professional education will be an integral part of the higher education system. Standalone technical universities, health science universities, legal and agricultural universities, or institutions in these or other fields, will be discontinued.
12 . Vocational Education :
- This will be an integral part of all education - this Policy aims to provide access to vocational education to at least 50% of all learners by 2025.
13 . National Research Foundation :
- A new entity will be set up to catalyze and expand research and innovation across the country.
14 . Technology in Education :
- This Policy aims at appropriately integrating technology into all levels of education to improve classroom processes, support teacher professional development, enhance educational access for disadvantaged groups and streamline educational planning, administration and management.
15 . Adult Education :
- This Policy aims to achieve 100% youth and adult literacy by 2030.
16 . Financing Education :
- There will be substantial public investment to expand and vitalize public education.
17 . Rashtriya Shiksha Aayog :
- Rashtriya Shiksha Aayog or National Education Commission will be formed, headed by the Prime Minister - this will be the custodian of the vision of education in India.
Reference : The above data is official and has been taken from www.mhrd.gov.in
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